Questionnaire survey, in-depth interview and focus group discussions were the major data collection techniques. Both qualitative and quantitative research methods were used for data analysis and the later included descriptive statistics and regression modeling. A major finding is that despite the low level of productivity related to local environmental constraints, rural livelihoods remain undiversified with small-scale rain-fed agriculture providing the primary source of livelihood for the large majority of sample households. The study forwarded that improving livelihood security of rural households in the study area requires integrated development interventions aimed at improved natural resources management and livelihood diversification including interventions in the area of non-farm employment opportunities and skill trainings at household level. The thinking of livelihood diversification to development had been recognized since the late s when the concept becomes popularized by the prominent researchers such as Chambers and Conway Devereux et al. As a result, the promotion of livelihood diversification as a way out of poverty has gained widespread support among development agencies Ibekwe et al.
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For farmers, optimal livelihood strategy means better employment opportunities, higher family income or better income structure , and stronger employability or development potential. Then, the multi-attribute decision-making model is used to analyze the selection of optimal livelihood strategies for different poverty-type farmers. The results suggest a significant difference in the selection of the optimal livelihood strategy for different poverty-type farmers. This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
The Competition was instituted as a pioneering initiative by ACCESS to identify and collate models and practices that have significantly contributed to livelihoods promotion of the poor in India. The Sitaram Rao Livelihoods India Case Study Competition therefore aims at bringing together the collective intellect of the sector and assimilating innovative solutions, breakthroughs, good experiences and best practices that help in learning from diverse sector experience and impact poverty reduction. The Case Study Competition is organized annually around a specific theme, under which entries are solicited, assessed and the 10 best case studies are brought together into a Case Study Compendium that is released at the Livelihoods India Summit.