Arthur Schopenhauer: On Reading and Books
Kant and Schopenhauer Example | Graduateway
Arthur Schopenhauer — was a German philosopher known for his atheism and pessimism—in fact, he is the most prominent pessimist in the entire western philosophical tradition. His analysis led him to the conclusion that emotional, physical, and sexual desires cause suffering and can never be fulfilled; consequently, he favored a lifestyle of negating desires, similar to the teachings of Buddhism and Vedanta. Schopenhauer influenced many thinkers including Nietzsche , Wittgenstein , Einstein , and Freud. Contradicting what many philosophers had stated previously, Schopenhauer argued that evil is a real thing, with good being the lack of evil. We can see this by considering that happiness or satisfaction always imply some state of pain or unhappiness being brought to an end; and by the fact that pleasure is not generally as pleasant as we expect, while pain much worse than imagined. So it is that in our good days we are all unconscious of the evil Fate may have in store for us—sickness, poverty, mutilation, loss of sight or reason. Of his pessimism he says:.
Arthur Schopenhauer’s “Will and Representation" Essay
He is best known for his work The World as Will and Representation expanded in , which characterizes the phenomenal world as the product of a blind and insatiable noumenal will. Though his work failed to garner substantial attention during his lifetime, Schopenhauer had a posthumous impact across various disciplines, including philosophy , literature , and science. His writing on aesthetics , morality , and psychology have influenced many thinkers and artists.